Any delegate to the International Labour Conference can file a complaint. This gives delegates representing employers and workers – as well as delegates representing governments, whether their countries have ratified the relevant Conventions or not – the opportunity to allege non-observance. According to the established practice, the complaint is read out by the delegate(s) during the plenary of the International Labour Conference.
The Governing Body then decides how to handle the complaint.
To date, the procedure has been initiated by each of the parties authorized by the ILO Constitution, although the majority of complaints have been filed by workers’ or employers’ delegates.